SBU researchers (from left to right) Sanford Simon, Perena Gouma and Milutin Stanacevic
Doctors have known since antiquity that the way a patient’s breath smelled could provide clues to the disease within.
An interdisciplinary team led by Perena Gouma, PhD, Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Director of the Center for Nanomaterials and Sensor Development at Stony Brook, has taken this diagnostic approach to a very sophisticated level. Continue reading
Invention as the result of an accident is surprisingly common. Without a misconceived hypothesis, we may otherwise be without X-rays, super glue, or microwave ovens. A recent experiment at SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) has potentially added another life-changing invention: gene information suppression.
“Basically, we’re interrupting the flow of genetic information in the cell, in effect ‘hacking’ the program of the bacterial cell,” researcher Dr. Christopher Nomura said of the findings.
This year’s Brewers Association Craft Brewers Conference (CBC) & Brew Expo America featured a presentation about an anaerobic digester system coordinated by the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF).
Jim Kuhr, brewmaster and director of brewery operations at the at the F.X. Matt Brewing Company, outlined the process and benefits of the system that removes 80 percent of the organics from the Utica brewery’s wastewater and generates up to 40 percent of the facility’s electricity.
Growing cereal grains as an energy source has been criticized for impinging on food production resources. In a plot twist, Shijie Liu, a professor of paper and bioprocess engineering at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, is looking at using wood, an energy crop, as the source of a food additive.
Biorefinery processes convert biomass into energy and chemicals. Ethanol is made by a late step in processing, when six sugars – including glucose, mannose and xylose — present in wood are fermented.
While exploring ways to separate the different sugars to make the fermentation more efficient, Lui realized that sugars themselves might be marketable end products. He took a closer look at the five-carbon sugar xylose, which is used to make the sweetener xylitol.
Deanne Rogers, Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences at Stony Brook University
Up to half of all life on Earth consists of simple microorganisms hidden in rocks beneath the surface. Scientists have suggested that the same may be true for Mars. When meteorites strike the surface of Mars, they act like natural probes, bringing up rocks from far beneath the surface.
Recent research has shown that many of the rocks brought up from the Martian subsurface contain clays and minerals whose chemical make-up has been altered by water, an essential element to support life. Some deep craters on Mars also acted as basins where groundwater likely emerged to produce lakes. McLaughlin Crater contains clay and carbonate minerals formed in an ancient lake on Mars. The fluids that formed these minerals could carry clues to as to whether the subsurface contained life.